I am going to keep this short and sweet. The population explosion of Muslims and the idea of an Islamic Republic of India is often a tool for fearmongering by Hindutva groups in India. I have tried to investigate the truth, which is often hidden behind the facts.
To understand this further, I tried to uncover the population distribution from the last several census data published by the government and used mathematical extrapolation on top of it to forecast future trends. It reveals that for the next 100 years, Muslims will be less than 25% of India’s population, and Hindus will be nearly 70%.
This analysis is keeping in view the constant fertility rates of Hindus and Muslims. The Muslim Fertility rates have historically remained higher than Hindus.
Given the trend, I also tried to understand by when the Muslims will overtake the Hindu population, and it appears that given the current growth trend derived from the census, it will take more than 300 years, and by the 2451 census, we will see the Muslim population overtaking the Hindu population.
The fertility rate is an important dimension. If Hindu Fertility rates decline and Muslim fertility rate accelerates, this can change. So, are Muslims breeding faster? Let us try to investigate deeper using Fertility rates from Government data.
In the below figure, I have tried to understand how Fertility rates are changing. If we see there is a decline in Fertility rates of both Hindus and Muslims. I have taken National Family Health Survey Data here till 2015 actual data, 2020 is yet to capture at the national level, so I calculated the average of states, and beyond 2020 it is forecast data.
An interesting finding is that from 2025 both Hindu and Muslim fertility rates will drop, resulting in a population decline for both communities. As per the actual census, Hindus are already declining, and now Muslims will show the decline. By 2035, the Hindus and Muslims will have one child, which means two persons will produce one, leading to an exponential population decrease over the next few decades.
Now to deep dive further, I investigated the fertility rates of states which are Muslim-dominated. It appears to be interesting. For example, India’s fertility rate is 2.2 overall, and Muslims dominates states show a far lesser fertility rate. For Muslim dominated, I have taken where Mulsim population is greater than 50%, and for Hindu dominated I have picked up where Hindu population is greater than 90%.
Looking at the above facts, the population explosion of Muslims or the future Islamic Emirates in India is a myth.
The better way to ensure the demographic balance is to elevate education, allowing opportunities for growth and driving prosperity and engagement across various communities.
Unfortunately, the Hindutva groups have misled the innocent, unsuspecting population and manufacturing the divide between communities. This propaganda may adversely impact the demographic balance in pockets and is not good for overall interest of India. My intent here is to bring the reality for a better fact-based conversation.
Disclaimer : PunjabTodayTV.com and other platforms of the Punjab Today group strive to include views and opinions from across the entire spectrum, but by no means do we agree with everything we publish. Our efforts and editorial choices consistently underscore our authors’ right to the freedom of speech. However, it should be clear to all readers that individual authors are responsible for the information, ideas or opinions in their articles, and very often, these do not reflect the views of PunjabTodayTV.com or other platforms of the group. Punjab Today does not assume any responsibility or liability for the views of authors whose work appears here.
Punjab Today believes in serious, engaging, narrative journalism at a time when mainstream media houses seem to have given up on long-form writing and news television has blurred or altogether erased the lines between news and slapstick entertainment. We at Punjab Today believe that readers such as yourself appreciate cerebral journalism, and would like you to hold us against the best international industry standards. Brickbats are welcome even more than bouquets, though an occasional pat on the back is always encouraging. Good journalism can be a lifeline in these uncertain times worldwide. You can support us in myriad ways. To begin with, by spreading word about us and forwarding this reportage. Stay engaged.
— Team PT